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Adya Reduces Pharmaceuticals in Water

An investigation conducted by the Associated Press has found trace levels of pharmaceuticals in drinking water supplied to 46 million people in two dozen major cities in the U.S. It is estimated that at least 271 million pounds of pharmaceuticals have been released into waterways that supply drinking water. Some of the pharmaceuticals found include antibiotics, anticonvulsants, mood stabilizers and hormones. Over-the-counter (OTC), basic drugs have also been detected.

Adya products reduce 36 pharmaceuticals and basic (OTC) drugs by 99.5% in water. Some of these drugs including the following:

Basic (OTC) Drugs:

Including Caffeine, Nicotine, Acetaminofen and Ibuprofen, two common pain relievers, Benzocaine and Lidocaine, local anesthetics used as topical pain relievers, Diphenhydramine (Benadryl), used to treat motion sickness and allergic reactions and Dextromethorphan, a cough suppressant.

Mood Stabilizers/Anticonvulsants:

Including Carbamazepine, used to treat nerve pain and bipolar disorder, Primidone, used to treat seizure disorders and Diazepam (Valium), used to treat symptoms related to anxiety disorders.

Antidepressants:

Including Amitriptyline, used to treat symptoms of depression and depressive disorder.

Antibiotics:

Including Triclosan, an antibacterial and antifungal agent used in a wide range of consumer products, Ciproflozacin HCl and Erythromycin USP, used to treat or prevent certain infections caused by bacteria, as well as Sulfamethoxazole and Trimethoprim, commonly used to treat urinary tract infections, ear infections, bronchitis, traveler's diarrhea, and shigellosis.

Hormones:

Including Progesterone, used in hormone replacement therapy and as part of infertility treatment in women.

Anti-Inflammatory/Pain Relievers:

Including Diclofenac Sodium, Naproxen Sodium, Mepertine, Codeine and Morphine.

A vast array of pharmaceuticals – including antibiotics, anti-convulsants, mood stabilizers and sex hormones – have been found in the drinking water supplies of at least 41 million Americans, an Associated Press investigation shows.

To be sure, the concentrations of these pharmaceuticals are tiny, measured in quantities of parts per billion or trillion, far below the levels of a medical dose. Also, utilities insist their water is safe.

But the presence of so many prescription drugs – and over-the-counter medicines like acetaminophen and ibuprofen – in so much of our drinking water is heightening worries among scientists of long-term consequences to human health.

From California to New Jersey

In the course of a five-month inquiry, the AP discovered that drugs have been detected in the drinking water supplies of 24 major metropolitan areas – from Southern California to Northern New Jersey, from Detroit to Louisville, Ky.

Water providers rarely disclose results of pharmaceutical screenings, unless pressed, the AP found. For example, the head of a group representing major California suppliers said the public "doesn't know how to interpret the information" and might be unduly alarmed.

How do the drugs get into the water?

People take pills. Their bodies absorb some of the medication, but the rest of it passes through and is flushed down the toilet. The wastewater is treated before it is discharged into reservoirs, rivers or lakes. Then, some of the water is cleansed again at drinking water treatment plants and piped to consumers. But most treatments do not remove all drug residue.

And while researchers do not yet understand the exact risks from decades of persistent exposure to random combinations of low levels of pharmaceuticals, recent studies – which have gone virtually unnoticed by the general public – have found alarming effects on human cells and wildlife.